Paychex Stock Analysis & Dividend Review

Paychex Dividend For Income And Growth

When we work, we want to get paid.  So every company has to process payroll for its employees.

And many companies, especially small to mid-size ones choose to outsource this process to Paychex.

So, let’s dig into a Paychex dividend stock analysis. To see if it’s a good company for making money from dividends.

I will start with a couple of frequently asked questions…

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Disclosure: At no cost to you, I may get commissions for purchases made through links in this post.

Is Paychex A Public Company?

Yes. Paychex is a public company.

The company was founded in 1971. Operated as a privately held business for more than a decade. And finally went public in 1983.

And I have owned Paychex stock for many years.  The company’s stock trades on the NASDAQ stock exchange under the ticker symbol PAYX.

Is Paychex A Good Stock To Buy?

Paychex stock returns historically have been solid.

As a dividend growth stock investor, I have been impressed by the performance of Paychex stock. And, the growth in the Paychex stock dividend!

But it’s never a bad time to take a closer look to see if Paychex stock and the Paychex dividend still measure up.

But first, in case this is not quite what you are looking for? Then check out all of our…

dividend investing and dividend stock articles

I’m certain you will find something that serves your needs.

On the other hand, feel free to stay right here. Because I’m digging into Paychex stock and the Paychex dividend review right now.

How Does Paychex Make Money?

Paychex is a leading provider of integrated human capital management (HCM) solutions.

Their services include payroll, benefits, human resources, and insurance. Furthermore, Paychex specializes in small to mid-sized businesses.

Paychex is a highly profitable, legit company. They have a robust range of services and solutions.

Let’s review those services next. So we know exactly how Paychex makes money to fund their dividend and increase the Paychex stock price.

Because it’s always a smart practice to know how a company makes money. Before buying stock.

Payroll Services

Their small business payroll processing is best suited for companies with up to 49 employees.

And, midsize to enterprise payroll processing is targeted toward companies with 50-1000+ employees.

And More For Larger Clients…

For midsize and enterprise clients, Paychex can provide comprehensive Human Capital Management (HCM) solutions that include:

  • Integrating payroll and taxes
  • Recruiting management
  • New employee onboarding
  • Human resources management systems
  • Performance and learning management optimization
  • Real-time performance analytics

Time And Attendance Capture And Tracking

In this area Paychex provides:

  • Computer software solutions that integrate time capture and payroll processing
  • State of the art time clocks for employee use

Human Resources Management Services

Not every company has the time, money, and expertise to dedicate to its human resources management.  And many of these activities can be effectively outsourced.

Paychex service offerings in this area include:

  • Administering employee benefits programs
  • Compliance assistance with employee-related laws
  • Human resources record administration
  • 401k plan administration

Professional Employer Organization (PEO)

Increasing uncertainty surrounding regulations, employer liability, and benefit costs are hot topics in business today.

These issues have led companies to seek full-service human resources outsourcing. Paychex calls this PEO.

PEO is one of the fastest-growing areas within Paychex.

PEO also helps with employee relations issues.  Such issues may result in litigation risks and potential regulatory penalties.

Hiring Services

Recruiting employees is tough work, but so important for success.

For hiring employees, Paychex can handle:

  • Employee Onboarding
  • Employment Screening
  • Recruiting and Applicant Tracking


Insurance is another fast-growing segment of the Paychex business.

In the insurance area, Paychex acts as a broad-based business insurance agency and consultant.  Insurance types include:

  • Employee group health insurance
  • Workers compensation
  • Property
  • Personal liability and business interruption
  • Automobile

Other Services

Finally, Paychex has a host of other business solutions.

Those offerings include:

  • Business loans and financing
  • Customer payment processing
  • Tax services
  • Incorporation services
  • Online marketing services

Source: – Solutions

Who Are Paychex Competitors?

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Paychex generally serves smaller clients. Those with less than 50 employees.

So, they see competition from younger smaller companies that provide payroll processing to that same market niche. Each competitor company has strong technology-based solutions for clients.

When Paychex pursues larger clients, they bump into tough competition. This frequently comes from the likes of Automatic Data Processing. Known as ADP for short. ADP stock is a quality investment option in this sector too.

What Is The Difference Between ADP And Paychex?

ADP is a much larger company than Paychex. As I just mentioned, ADP typically handles much bigger clients.

Also, ADP operates on an international scale. While Paychex focuses mainly on U.S.-based customers.

Okay. We now know a lot about Paychex. Exactly what they do. How they make money. And, who they compete with.

So, let’ move to the dividend review portion of our Paychex stock analysis next.

Does Paychex Pay A Dividend?

Yes. Paychex pays a dividend.

And they have a history of increasing their dividend rapidly. So, let’s dig into all the facts and figures.

Then we will know the essential components of dividends. For Paychex!

How Much Is The Paychex Dividend Per Share?

Like all good dividend stocks. Paychex has an annual forward dividend.

Simply put, it is the last dividend payment approved by the company. Multiplied by the number of times the dividend is paid each year.

By taking the forward dividend. And dividing it by the stock price. We get the stock’s dividend yield…

Paychex Dividend Yield

I generally search for stocks with dividend yields in the 3-5% range. This is just 1 element of my dividend stock selection criteria.

However, the Paychex dividend yield often falls below this range. So, I make exceptions to my rule.

How Often Does Paychex Pay Dividends?

Paychex consistently and regularly pays dividends every 3 months or 4 times per year. Each dividend payment is one-fourth of the annual forward Paychex dividend rate.

In Which Months Does Paychex Pay Its Dividend?

A company’s dividend payment pattern is important to many investors. Why?

First of all, some people build a dividend portfolio with the goal of getting paid monthly dividends.

Furthermore, other investors seek to get paid a specific amount of dividends each month.

With those points in mind, Paychex dividends are paid during February, May, August, and November.

For dividends during these months, the exact dates of each payment vary. Normally it is in the second half of each month that I have indicated.

Paychex Ex-Dividend Date

As with all dividend stocks, you must complete your purchase by the ex-dividend date. In order to receive the next Paychex stock dividend payout.

The Paychex ex-dividend date falls about 2-3 weeks prior to when its quarterly dividend is paid.

Paychex’s ex-dividend date is slightly different each time. Thus, as a new investor in Paychex stock, it’s best to check the ex-dividend date for the upcoming payment. The information is available on the company’s investor relations website.

This way you will be sure to invest soon enough to receive it. If the exact timing of dividend payments is important to you.

Once you buy Paychex stock and hold it. There is no need to worry.

Since you will receive every quarterly dividend payment from this stock as a continuing shareholder of record.

Paychex Dividend History

Paychex began consistent payments of cash dividends to shareholders in 1988. And until 2020, Paychex had increased its dividend annually for 9 consecutive years. 

The company’s consecutive annual dividend increases would have been significantly longer. However, the dividend was frozen in 2008 for two years as a result of the great recession.

This highlights a business risk. Paychex revenue, earnings, and therefore dividend safety can be negatively impacted by a recession. And the higher unemployment rates that come from a recession.

We entered another recession in 2020. And unemployment increased. Both were due to the global health crisis.

As a result, Paychex’s dividend growth paused again. For longer than is typical for the company.

Paychex Dividend Policy

In the past, management has indicated its willingness to pay 80% of earnings to shareholders in the form of dividends.

This is an excellent company goal for the dividend. Because with more business success and profits, we shareholders benefit from rising dividends.

In recent investor materials, I did not see an update or confirmation of this policy.

However, during my recent review, I noticed this statement by management about the dividend

“consistent free cash flow generation supports industry-leading dividend payout ratio.”

So, we know Paychex wants to lead its industry by sharing a large chunk of cash with shareholders. In the form of dividends. I like that!

Let’s move on with our Paychex dividend analysis. I’ve mentioned that Paychex has been known for its high dividend growth. At least up until recently.

That topic is next up…

Paychex Dividend Growth Rate

Dividend growth is important to me when looking for high-quality investment opportunities.

And, from my perspective, the company has delivered some solid dividend growth.

Thinking about my dividend stock selection criteria for a moment. Any time I can find a dividend growth stock with a 3% dividend yield and 8-10% annual dividend growth, I’m happy.

As long as their dividend is safe from reduction. We will get to Paychex dividend safety in a moment.

But first, let’s talk about revenue. Then earnings and cash metrics from the company’s financial reporting. These are important fundamentals that support the Paychex dividend.

Paychex Revenue Trend

Paychex segregates revenue into three primary areas. The segments are…

  • Management solutions
  • PEO and insurance services
  • Interest earned on payroll funds held temporarily on their client’s behalf

During robust economic environments, revenue grows because of:

  • Higher employment rates at Paychex clients 
  • An increased volume of human resources services provided
  • Fast growth rates from in-demand services: PEO & insurance
  • Higher interest rates earned on client held funds

When we have an economic slowdown or recession. Revenues from the management solutions area, PEO, and insurance services tend to flatline. Or, even shrink. This can lead to overall decreases in total revenues.

Paychex Dividend Payout Ratio Based On Accounting Earnings

The Paychex dividend and earnings have grown consistently along with revenue.  And we know the company has aimed in the past to pay out about 80% of earnings in the form of dividends to investors.

Thinking back to management’s past dividend policy. Now I can see why Paychex dividend growth paused for a short time.

Because slower earnings growth caused the dividend payout ratio to go beyond its target level.

Paychex Dividend Payout Ratio Based On Free Cash Flow

Over the past 3-years, the company’s growing dividend has accounted for a manageable amount of its free cash flow.

A lower dividend payout ratio is a positive metric.  It shows the company has ample room to raise the dividend in the coming years.

Or, withstand an earnings drop without having to reduce the dividend. And that’s exactly the case we have with Paychex. Leading to my conclusion on this company’s dividend safety a little later on.

But first, projected dividend growth.

Paychex Dividend Growth Forecast

For my dividend income planning purposes, I like to estimate future dividend growth.

My assumption is that Paychex dividend growth will be in the 5-7% range.

So we have a plan for current and future dividend income from Paychex. Let’s check out the balance sheet next. That’s the last piece of information I need to offer an opinion on dividend safety.

It’s interesting to note. That sometimes missed dividend increases are an early sign of a future dividend reduction.

Thus, during the infrequent annual cycle when the company’s dividend is not raised. It gets my attention.

So, I’m always glad to see dividend growth resume. A hallmark of solid dividend growth stocks.

Paychex Balance Sheet

Paychex historically has not carried any debt. A very good sign for dividend safety.

However, in 2019, they acquired a company called Oasis for $1.2 billion. With the Oasis acquisition, Paychex became the 2nd largest PEO in the US by the number of worksite employees served.

The acquisition was financed with cash on hand and $800 million of private long-term debt.

Even with the acquisition financing in place, Paychex’s debt to equity remained quite low.

Plus they typically carry enough cash and short-term investments on hand. To handle debt payments from cash reserves if they chose to do so.

As I said, Paychex is a company with a very strong, conservative balance sheet adding an extra layer of safety to the dividend.

It is a strong dividend stock. Perfect for holding long-term in an IRA.

If opening an IRA to save and invest for retirement is your goal. Then M1 Finance is a great place to open it and get started.

Paychex Dividend Safety

Based on the earnings and cash flow metrics, the company’s excellent long-term dividend track record, and the fact Paychex has a very strong balance sheet, the dividend appears safe to me.

Sure, the latest recession caused a pause in revenues, earnings, and cash flow growth. But I do not see the Paychex dividend being reduced in the foreseeable future.

They navigated the “great recession” by holding dividends constant for 2 years. Then resumed dividend growth. And they took a similar approach during the most recent recession.

Paychex Stock Valuation

Before I trade a stock, I like to judge its value. Preferring to use a dividend discount model approach.

Paychex Dividend Discount Model

I will use a single-stage dividend discount model. It considers several factors I have discussed thus far.

  • The current annual dividend payment
  • Projected dividend growth

Plus 1 item I have not discussed. My desired annual return on investment.

Using these assumptions, the dividend discount model suggests Paychex stock is overvalued.

Thoughts On Paychex’ Stock Valuation

Although Paychex stock appears overvalued. This is not an unusual situation for a high-quality dividend growth stock.

Furthermore, stock valuation can change quickly. Either because of stock price fluctuations or shifting business fundamentals.

So, note that the above dividend discount model calculation is as of the update to this article.

To stay up to date, I use the Simply Investing Report & Analysis Platform. It provides all of the latest dividend metrics. And valuation measures.

In the end, it’s best not to overpay when investing. Even for good dividend growth stocks.

For me, I plan to hold my current shares for the long term. I like the company. And the stock as part of my dividend investment portfolio. No matter its current valuation.

Okay. Let’s wrap up today’s Paychex stock dividend review.

Paychex Stock Dividend Analysis Summary

As I said, I like Paychex stock a lot. Nothing in my stock research has changed my opinion on that. Plus, Paychex is one of my larger holdings.

Mainly because I initiated my position at depressed prices in 2009 and continued to add on over the following couple of years.

This sounds great but it wasn’t easy.  By 2009, the average investor had run from the stock market after it collapsed over the prior 18 months. In hindsight, it was a perfect time to buy.

The Negative – Economic Uncertainty

The main downside to Paychex stock from a logical investment perspective is its leverage to U.S. economic growth. And the success of small to mid-size businesses. There are no guarantees here.

Perhaps 2020 was like 2009 all over again? Economic uncertainty created a good buying opportunity in Paychex stock.

Often, the best money management decisions you make are during difficult economic times.

The Positive – A Safe & Rising Dividend

On the positive side, Paychex has a substantial dividend. And a history of strong dividend growth.

This is a perfect combination for a dividend growth stock investor. And looking at these factors continues to make the Paychex stock attractive, in my opinion.

Finally, I hope you have found this Paychex stock analysis valuable. But don’t forget. Do your research and buy stocks at your own risk.

After all, it’s your money – so manage it wisely.

Further Reading On Dividend Investing And Consistent Dividend Paying Stocks

My Favorite Dividend Investing And Personal Finance Resources

Author Bio, Disclosure, & Disclaimer: Please join me (Tom) as I try to achieve my goals, find my next place to live, and make the most of my money. However, I am not a licensed investment adviser, financial counselor, real estate agent, or tax professional. Instead, I’m a 50-something-year-old, early retired CPA, finance professional, and business school teacher with 40+ years of DIY dividend investing experience. I’m here only to share my thoughts about essential topics for success. As a result, nothing published on this site should be considered individual investment, financial, tax, or real estate advice. This site’s only purpose is general information & entertainment. Thus, neither I nor Dividends Diversify can be held liable for losses suffered by any party because of the information published on this website. Finally, all written content is the property of Dividends Diversify LLC. Unauthorized publication elsewhere is strictly prohibited.

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I own Paychex stock and collect the Paychex dividend.